The Outlook for Australian Careers in 2019
In our last article, we looked at the projected Australian of market areas of growth, decline by industry type. This time we will look more at regional trends and particular occupations that are experiencing growth.
Australian Career Growth in 2019 by Occupation
Employment is projected to increase in all eight of the occupational groups (see below) over the five years to November 2019. In particular, recent strong employment growth is projected to continue for Professionals (up by 14.2%) and Community and Personal Service Workers (17.9%). Together, these two occupational groups are expected to account for half of the total growth in employment over the next five years. Strong growth is also projected for Technicians and Trades Workers (9.3%), Managers (9.5%), and Sales Workers (10.0%). Employment of Clerical and Administrative Support Workers is projected to grow by 7.4%, below the ‘all occupations’ average of 10.0%. Employment growth is projected to be subdued for Machinery Operators and Drivers (3.4%) and Labourers (1.9%). Drilling down to more detailed occupation categories, General Clerks are projected to record the largest increase in employment over the five years of any occupation (up by 30.0%), followed by Sales Assistants (General) (11.5%) and Registered Nurses (17.9%). Carers and Aides are well represented, with strong growth projected for Aged and Disabled Carers (up 18.5%), Child Carers (17.5%) and Education Aides (29.1%).
In terms of decline, Secretaries are projected to record the largest decline in employment (down 22.3 per cent). Overall, the majority of the occupations projected to decline fall within the lowest skill levels, with eight of the bottom 10 occupations either skill level 4 or 5 (for example Drillers, Miners and Shot Firers, Product Assemblers, Packers and Crop Farm Workers), and just one occupation from the bottom 10 being skill level 1 (Engineering Managers).
- Community and Personal Service Operators
- Technicians and Trades Workers
- Clerical and Administrative Workers
- Sales Workers
- Machinery Operators and Drivers
As a nation, we are used to going where the work is to give ourselves the best chances of success. So where are the most jobs in your particular field? The great news is that over the five years to November 2019, employment is projected to increase in all states and territories.
But how does that break down state by state? Well, against the backdrop of an expected decrease in Mining investment, employment growth in Western Australia and the Northern Territory is expected to slow from the rates recorded over the past five years. That said, employment growth is nonetheless expected to remain comparatively strong, with employment projected to increase by 11.5% in the Northern Territory and 10.7% in Western Australia over the five years to November 2019. New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland are also projected to make large contributions to employment growth over the five years to November 2019, with employment projected to increase by 9.9% in New South Wales, by 10.6% in Victoria and by 10.4% in Queensland. Employment growth is projected to be more subdued in South Australia (6.7%) and Tasmania (7.4%) over the five years to November 2019, in line with the persistence of soft labour market conditions in these states. The Australian Capital Territory (up 9.3%) is also projected to record a below average rate of growth, constrained by a projected slower rate of growth in Public Administration and Safety.
Drilling down to city and regional statistics, employment in metropolitan areas is projected to increase by 10.7% over the period, compared with 8.5% projected for regional Australia. Of the metropolitan areas, employment growth is projected to be strongest in Darwin (up 12.6%) and Greater Perth (12.0%), while below-average growth is projected for Greater Adelaide (6.8%) and Greater Hobart (8.1%). Of the regional areas, employment growth is projected to be strongest in regional Queensland (9.8%) and Northern Territory – Outback (9.7%), just below the national average of 10.0%. In contrast to the strong growth projected for Greater Perth, employment growth is projected to be weakest in Regional Western Australia (6.2%), followed by Regional South Australia (6.4%). At the more detailed regional level, employment growth is projected to be strongest (in percentage terms) in Sydney – City and Inner South (up by 15.2%) and Gold Coast in Queensland (15.5%), while the largest projected increases in employment are for Melbourne – West (13.8%) and Melbourne – South East (13.5%). By contrast, employment growth is projected to be slowest, in percentage terms, in Queensland – Outback (2.2%), Western Australia – Wheat Belt (4.5%, and Victoria – North West (4.9%).
Not a huge change from the patterns seen in 2018, nonetheless the Australian job market is both buoyant and fairly represented geographically. Job seekers have much to look forward to as they seek new jobs and maybe new careers in 2019.